2015 Nobel Peace Prize
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|The Nobel Peace Prize|
|Awarded for||Outstanding contributions to peace|
|Date||9 October 2015|
|Presented by||Norwegian Nobel Committee|
|Reward||8 million SEK ($1M, €0.9M)|
|Currently held by||Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet|
The National Dialogue Quartet was formed in 2013 and comprises four organizations in Tunisian civil society:
- The Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT, Union Générale Tunisienne du Travail)
- The Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA, Union Tunisienne de l’Industrie, du Commerce et de l’Artisanat)
- The Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH, La Ligue Tunisienne pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme)
- The Tunisian Order of Lawyers (Ordre National des Avocats de Tunisie).
Many news media speculated about who would be awarded. The award was a surprise to many. Media favourites included German Chancellor Angela Merkel for admitting large numbers of refugees and migrants to Germany in the European migrant crisis, American and Iranian foreign ministers John Kerry and Mohammad Javad Zarif for the Iran nuclear deal, Pope Francis for his assistance in the United States–Cuban Thaw, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and FARC guerrilla leader Timoleón Jiménez for the peace process in the Colombian conflict, and Congolese gynecologist Denis Mukwege who treats victims of sexual violence and has been nominated for this before.
Main article: Norwegian Nobel Committee § Members 2015The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee. For the 2015 award, the members were:
- Kaci Kullmann Five (chair since March 2015, born 1951), former member of Parliament and cabinet minister for the Conservative Party. Member of the Committee since 2003.
- Berit Reiss-Andersen (deputy chair, born 1954), advocate (barrister) and President of the Norwegian Bar Association, former state secretary for the Minister of Justice and the Police (representing the Labour Party). Member of the Committee since 2011.
- Inger-Marie Ytterhorn (born 1941), former member of Parliament for the Progress Party. Member of the Committee since 2000.
- Thorbjørn Jagland (born 1950), former Member of Parliament and President of the Storting and former Prime Minister for the Labour Party, current Secretary General of the Council of Europe. Chair of the Committee from 2009 to March 2015.
- Henrik Syse (born 1966), Senior Researcher at the Peace Research Institute Oslo. Member of the Committee since 2015.